Summer is here again! It is the time to play outdoors, take a dip in pool and go for family picnics. While you have a good time with your friends and family, take care your kids should not fall prey to some of the common summer hazards.
Excessive loss of water from body leads to dehydration. Weakness, dizziness, dry mouth, headache are some of the symptoms. It happens when the child consumes less water and fluids or probably he/ she loses more water from the body due to other factors such as vomiting, sweating, diarrhea, etc.
Food borne diseases
During summer, food borne diseases are common. Pre cut foods/ fruits, contaminated foods/ water; eatables from roadside vendors, improperly preserved food or lack of hygiene are the major causes of food borne diseases such as diarrhea, food poisoning and other stomach infections. Infection can also spread if you are handling pets or visiting a swimming pool with improper hygiene standards. Kids have weak immune system and often fell ill because of the above issues. Poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, loose stools are some of the signs of such illness.
Mosquito and bug bites
Diseases caused due to mosquito bites are another cause of concern in summer. Malaria and dengue are caused because of certain mosquitoes that breed in the surroundings. Even if the child is saved from such diseases, bites can be very painful, itchy and troublesome especially in blistering summer season. The effect of bites can turn worse when they become infected.
Heat cramps and heat exhaustion
When a child loses large amount of water and salt in sweat due to workouts/ exercise, heat cramps may occur. It causes intense pain in muscles and muscle spasm also.
Excessive loss of water from the body is also the main cause of heat exhaustion. High temperature, weakness, nausea, vomiting, fainting, headache, fast/ weak pulse, heat cramps are some symptoms of heat exhaustion. If not treated properly, it may lead to severe condition called heat stroke.
Severe hot, humid climate may cause heat rash among babies and young children. Tiny white or red blisters appear on the skin of the child, which contains fluid. They may disappear on their own if taken care of properly. These rashes may appear on various body parts like face, neck, shoulders, chest and armpits.
Many of the summer hazards can be avoided by parents with adequate care and prevention. To make most out of summer, follow these summer safety tips for kids and have a good time with kids under the sun.